Some have argued that the existence of God and the existence of moral evil are incompatible. So much so, they argue, that it seems very unlikely that God exists. Now the question of whether or not the assertion “x does not exist” is even intelligible is something I have dealt with elsewhere. Suffice it to say, if we ignore the contradiction involved in predicating non-existence of a logical subject, there is still no objection to the existence of God given the existence of moral evil. This is so for the following reasons.
(1.)The existence of moral evil is incompatible with the existence of God if and only if God were the only Being to exist. In other words, if God exists, and nothing else does, and God is all good, then it is logically impossible for moral evil to exist, seeing as evil is not in God’s nature and there are no other beings who may exhibit such a nature.
(2.)Therefore, point (1.)being the case, it follows inexorably that only morally culpable creatures are capable of performing morally evil actions, i.e. actions which contradict the nature of the Triune God who is all good.
(3.)Therefore, point (2.)being the case, it follows inexorably that if God exists and morally culpable creatures exist, then moral evil is a possibility for the morally culpable creature.
(4.)herefore, points (1.), (2.), and (3.) being the case, it follows inexorably that the existence of moral evil is not incompatible with the existence of God.
This is a very simple set of deductions. It gets straight to the heart of the matter: Only morally culpable creatures are capable of committing moral evil. Therefore, the existence of moral evil and the existence of God are not incompatible. A possible objection may consist in the unbeliever stating that God could remove all moral evil from the world if He so desired. Yet consider the following:
If God were to remove all moral evil from the world, and only morally culpable creatures can commit moral evil, then would it not follow that God must remove morally culpable creatures from the world, seeing as they alone are capable of moral evil?
Thus, if God removes all moral evil from the world, He must remove all morally culpable creatures from the world. This, in the Christian system, is known as judgment, where the perpetrators of moral evil are removed from the new heavens and earth where righteousness dwells eternally unopposed by morally evil creatures.
Ironically, the unbeliever who protests against God’s goodness, therefore, is expressing his desire for God to judge all morally culpable creatures by removing them from the world.
Is that really what he wants?
Perhaps, but only if he thinks that he is somehow exempt from falling under the judgment of God. This, however, is an impossibility, seeing as God is good and only morally culpable creatures are capable of moral evil.
Ultimately, we must agree with the person who says that the existence of moral evil and the existence of God are incompatible, and urge them to repent and believe the Gospel. For a day is coming when God will judge all morally culpable creatures. He will judge with perfect justice, and there will be no excuses grounded on the fact of the existence of moral evil, for they will experience the justice necessitated by the perfectly good and righteous character of God as He thoroughly deals with moral evil of every kind.
If the unbeliever desires to see an example of absolute justice, tell him to look to Jesus Christ who suffered in the place of guilty sinners, experiencing the full wrath of God for all who will believe, and providing for them a perfect righteousness that is not incompatible with God’s, but is, in fact, God’s very own righteousness, given as a free gift.