The Christian faith has always been opposed by the unregenerate. This opposition comes in different forms, however, ranging from demonically charged physical aggression against God’s people (via the individual or the state) to academic attempts at deconstructing and naturalizing the divinely revealed doctrines given to us in Scripture.
As regards the doctrine of the Trinity, the academic attacks primarily come from two fields of study, viz. Philosophy (including, but not limited to, Philosophical Theology) and Theology proper (i.e. systematics and the fields of study it references and incorporates into its overall project).
I have greatly benefited from the following works on the Trinity, and I believe that the reader can also greatly profit from them. Some of these texts require patience and knowledge of technical jargon. I think it’s worth it, however, to trudge through the technical aspects of these texts and so become better acquainted with the doctrine of the Trinity and how it is attacked and defended within academic circles.
- St. Augustine – On the Trinity (Online)
- St. Gregory of Nyssa – Not Three Gods (PDF, the text is on pg. 455)
- Paul Thorn – The Logic of the Trinity: Augustine to Ockham (Amazon.com)
- Olive D. Crisp & others – Advancing Trinitarian Theology: Explorations in Constructive Dogmatics (Barnes and Noble.com)
- Stephen R. Holmes – The Quest for the Trinity: The Doctrine of God in Scripture, History and Modernity (Amazon.com)
- William G.T. Shedd – Dogmatic Theology Vol. I (Epub and .Mobi)
- John Owen – A Brief Declaration and Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity (PDF)
- Loraine Boettner – The Trinity (PDF)
- Kevin Giles – Jesus and the Father: Modern Evangelicals Reinvent the Doctrine of the Trinity (Amazon.com)
- Paul Copan – Is the Trinity a Logical Blunder? God as Three and One (PDF)
Soli Deo Gloria